Cover art for podcast Then and Now: Global History and Culture

Then and Now: Global History and Culture

409 EpisodesProduced by David ArendaleWebsite

"Then and Now" connects events from the past with today's news headlines. Current episodes are history topics from my global culture and history course.In 2006, the podcast started with students in my introductory global history and culture course at the Univ of Minn. Previous episodes reviewed hist… read more

409 Episodes | 2017 - 2022

(Bonus) Aftermath of WWII

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) The aftermath of World War II was the beginning of a new era for all countries involved, defined by the decline of all European colonial …

(Bonus) Demobilization of United States armed forces after WW II

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) The Demobilization of the United States armed forces after the Second World War began with the defeat of Germany in May 1945 and continued through 1946. The United States had more than 12 million men and women …

(Bonus) German Nuclear Weapons Program during WWII

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) The Uranverein (English: "Uranium Club") or Uranprojekt (English: "Uranium Project") was the name given to the project in Germany to research …

(Bonus) Manhattan Project the US Nuclear Weapons Program

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada. …

(Bonus)_ Project Unthinkable of WWII

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) Operation Unthinkable was the name given to two related possible future war plans by the British Chiefs of Staff against the Soviet Union in 1945. The plans were never approved or implemented. The plans were …

(Bonus) Soviet Atomic Bomb Project During WWII

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) The Soviet atomic bomb project was the classified research and development program that was authorized by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union to develop nuclear weapons during World War II.

(Bonus) Japanese Nuclear Bomb Program During WWII

November 11th, 2022

(Bonus) The Japanese program to develop nuclear weapons was conducted during World War II. Like the German nuclear weapons program, it suffered from …

WWII: One War Ends and Another Begins, 8 of 8

November 11th, 2022


S15-E20 Topics: Key Turning Points in the War Reviewed, Lessons from the War, Consequences of the War, Beginning of the Cold War.

The following links …

(Bonus) American propaganda during World War II

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) During active American involvement in World War II (1941–45), propaganda was used to increase support for the war and commitment to an Allied …

(Bonus) British propaganda during World War II

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) Britain re-created the World War I Ministry of Information for the duration of World War II to generate propaganda to influence the …

(Bonus) Home Front During WWII

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) The 'home front' covers the activities of the civilians in a nation at war. World War II was a total war; homeland production became even more invaluable to both the Allied and Axis powers. Life on the home …

(Bonus) Military Production During WWII

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) Military production during World War II was the arms, ammunition, personnel, and financing which were produced or mobilized by the belligerents of the war from the occupation of Austria in early 1938 to the …

(Bonus) Propaganda in Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War and WW II

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) In the period just before and during World War II, propaganda in Imperial Japan was designed to assist the regime in governing during that time. Many of its elements were continuous with pre-war themes of Shōwa …

(Bonus) Propaganda in Nazi Germany during WWII

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) The propaganda used by the German Nazi Party in the years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's dictatorship of Germany from 1933 to 1945 …

(Bonus) Rosie the Riveter of WWII

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) Rosie the Riveter is an allegorical cultural icon in the United States who represents the women who worked in factories and shipyards during …

(Bonus) Squander Bug of WWII

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) The Squander Bug was a World War II propaganda character created by the British National Savings Committee to discourage wasteful spending …

(Bonus) War Film

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) War film is a film genre concerned with warfare, typically about naval, air, or land battles, with combat scenes central to the drama. It has …

(Bonus) Women in WWII

November 4th, 2022

(Bonus) Women in the Second World War took on many different roles during the War, including as combatants and workers on the home front. The Second …

WWII: Battles Fought at the Homefront, 7 of 8

November 4th, 2022


S15-E19 Topics: Involvement of Civilians at the Homefront for each Nation at War, Propaganda Messaging, Use of Movies to Influence Public Opinion.

(Bonus) Attack on Pearl Harbor

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) The attack on Pearl Harbor[nb 3][10] was a 0surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States against …

(Bonus) Japanese in the Chinese resistance to the Empire of Japan

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) Throughout the Second Sino-Japanese war (1937–1945), Japanese dissidents and Japanese prisoners of war (POWs) joined the Chinese in the war against the Empire of Japan. An IJNAF A5M fighter pilot who was shot …

(Bonus) Japanese-American service in World War II

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) During the early years of World War II, Japanese Americans were forcibly relocated from their homes on the West Coast because military leaders and public opinion combined to fan unproven fears of sabotage. As …

(Bonus) List of the Pacific War Campaigns

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) This is a list of campaigns during the Pacific War. Flags indicate the country, or countries, winning the offensive.

(Bonus) Pacific Theater aircraft carrier operations during World War II

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) Naval historians such as Eva Mawdsley, Richard Overy, and Craig Symonds concluded that World War II's decisive victories on land could not …

(Bonus) The Pacific War of WWII

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia–Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and Oceania. It was geographically the largest theater of the …

(Bonus) War Plan Orange of WWII

October 28th, 2022

(Bonus) War Plan Orange (commonly known as Plan Orange or just Orange) is a series of United States Joint Army and Navy Board war plans for dealing with a possible war with Japan during the years between the First and …

WWII: Pacific Theater, 6 of 8

October 28th, 2022


S15-E18 Topics: Pacific Theater, Japan War Aims, Bombing of Pearl Harbor, US Strategy of Island Hopping, Primarily War Fought by Airplanes

The …

(Bonus) The Battle of Stalingrad

October 21st, 2022

(Bonus) The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943)was a major battle on the Eastern Front of World War II where Nazi Germany and its …

(Bonus) The Eastern Front During WWII

October 21st, 2022

(Bonus) The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers against the Soviet Union (USSR), Poland and …

(Bonus) Italian Participation on the Eastern Front of WWII

October 21st, 2022

(Bonus) The Italian participation in the Eastern Fron represented the military intervention of the Kingdom of Italy in Operation Barbarossa, launched by Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union in 1941. The commitment to …

(Bonus) Soviet Navy Surface raids on Western Black Sea During WWII

October 21st, 2022

(Bonus) The Soviet Black Sea Fleet during the first years of the Black Sea campaigns (1941 44) conducted raiding operations along the Western coast of the Black Sea aimed at disrupting Axis communications and supplies …

(Bonus) Women in the Russian and Soviet Military

October 21st, 2022

(Bonus) Women in the Russian and Soviet military have played many roles in their country's military history. Women of Russia and the Soviet Union …

WWII: Battle of Stalingrad, 5 of 8

October 21st, 2022


S15-E17 Topics: Battle of Stalingrad in Russia, First Major Defeat of the Germans, Failure to Permit Local Military Commanders to Make Decisions.

The …

(Bonus) D-Day Daily Telegraph crossword security alarm

October 14th, 2022

(Bonus) In 1944, codenames related to the D-Day plans appeared as solutions in crosswords in the British newspaper, The Daily Telegraph, which the …

(Bonus) Exercise Tiger

October 14th, 2022

(Bonus) Exercise Tiger, or Operation Tiger, was one of a series of large-scale rehearsals for the D-Day invasion of Normandy, which took place in April 1944 on Slapton Sands in Devon. Coordination and communication …

(Bonus) Martha Gellhorn, War Correspondent

October 14th, 2022

(Bonus) Martha Ellis Gellhorn (8 November 1908 – 15 February 1998) was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist who is considered one of the great war correspondents of the 20th century. Gellhorn reported on …

(Bonus) D-Day Normandy Landings

October 14th, 2022

(Bonus) The Normandy landings were the landing operations and associated airborne operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. Codenamed Operation …

WWII: D-Day Invasion of Europe, 4 of 8

October 14th, 2022


S15-E16 Topics: D-Day Invasion of Europe

The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon Music/Audible,,

(Bonus) Air Battle of Britain Overview

October 7th, 2022

(Bonus) The Battle of Britain, also known as the Air Battle for England (German: die Luftschlacht um England), was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Fleet Air Arm …

(Bonus) The Coventry Air Blitz

October 7th, 2022

(Bonus) The Coventry Blitz (blitz: from the German word Blitzkrieg meaning "lightning war" listen ) or Coventration[1] of the city was a series of bombing raids that took place on the British city of Coventry. The city …

(Bonus) Evacuations of civilians in Britain during World War II

October 7th, 2022

(Bonus) The evacuation of civilians in Britain during the Second World War was designed to protect people, especially children, from the risks associated with aerial bombing of cities by moving them to areas thought to …

(Bonus) Operation Banquet

October 7th, 2022

(Bonus) Operation Banquet was a British Second World War plan to use every available aircraft against a German invasion in 1940 or 1941. After the Fall of France in June 1940, the British Government made urgent …

(Bonus) Polish Air Forces in France and Great Britain

October 7th, 2022

(Bonus) The Polish Air Forces was the name of the Polish Air Forces formed in France and the United Kingdom during World War II. The core of the …

(Bonus) "The Darkest Hour" Phrase

October 7th, 2022

(Bonus) "The Darkest Hour" is a phrase used to refer to an early period of World War II, from approximately mid-1940 to mid-1941. While widely attributed to Winston Churchill, the phrase's origins are unclear.

WWII: Air Battle of Britain, 3 of 8

October 7th, 2022


S15-E15 Topics: Air Battle of Britain, Role of Technology, Home Field Advantage for Britain, Role of Sir Winston Churchill

The following links allow …

(Bonus) First Bombardment of Midway Island

September 30th, 2022

(Bonus) The First Bombardment of Midway, or the First Bombardment of Sand Island, or Attack on Midway, was a small land and sea engagement of World War II. It occurred on the very first day of the Pacific War, 7 …

(Bonus) Imperial Japanese Navy

September 30th, 2022

(Bonus) The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II, at the beginning of the Pacific War in December 1941, was the third most powerful navy in the …

(Bonus) Pacific Theater aircraft carrier operations during World War II

September 30th, 2022

(Bonus) Naval historians such as Evan Mawdsley, Richard Overy, and Craig Symonds concluded that World War II's decisive victories on land could not …

WWII: Key Turning Points, 2 of 8

September 30th, 2022


S15-E14 Topics: Key turning points of World War Two; Battle of Midway; Role of Aircraft Carriers.

The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes

(Bonus) Areas annexed by Germany

September 23rd, 2022

(Bonus) There were many areas annexed by Germany both immediately before and throughout the course of World War II. Territories that were part of Germany before the annexations were known as the "Altreich" (Old Reich).

(Bonus) Causes of WWII

September 23rd, 2022

(Bonus) The causes of World War II, a global war from 1939 to 1945 that was the deadliest conflict in human history, have been given considerable attention by historians from many countries who studied and understood …

(Bonus) Interwar Britain

September 23rd, 2022

(Bonus) In the United Kingdom, the interwar period (1918–1939) was a period of relative stability after the division of Ireland, though of economic …

(Bonus) Assigned Readings for the Unit

September 23rd, 2022

(Bonus) Assigned readings for this unit.

(Bonus) PowerPoint Slides for This Unit

September 23rd, 2022

(Bonus) PowerPoint slides for this unit.

WWII: Overview of WWII, 1 of 8

September 23rd, 2022


S15-E13 Topics: Overview of WWII, Causes of WWII, Nazi Blitzkrieg.

The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes and Apple Podcast, Amazon …

(Bonus) Biography of Charlie Chaplin

September 16th, 2022

(Bonus) Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin Jr. KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. He became a worldwide icon through his …

(Bonus) Biography of Frank Capra

September 16th, 2022

(Bonus) Frank Russell Capra May 18, 1897 – September 3, 1991) was an Italian-born American film director, producer and writer who became the creative force behind some of the major award-winning films of the 1930s and …

(Bonus) The Great Dictator film by Charlie Chaplin

September 16th, 2022

(Bonus) The Great Dictator is a 1940 American satirical comedy-drama film written, directed, produced, scored by, and starring British comedian …

(Bonus) Why We Fight Film Series by Frank Capra

September 16th, 2022

(Bonus) Why We Fight is a series of seven propaganda films produced by the US Department of War from 1942 to 1945, during World War II. It was …

Between WWI and WWII: Preparing the U.S. for WWII, 6 of 6

September 16th, 2022


S15-E12 Topics: Charlie Chaplin, Frank Capra, The Great Dictator, Why and the Why We Fight Movie Series.

The following links allow you to subscribe:

(Bonus) European foreign policy of the Chamberlain ministry

September 9th, 2022

(Bonus) The European foreign policy of the Chamberlain ministry from 1937 to 1940 was based on British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's …

(Bonus) Lesson of Munich

September 9th, 2022

(Bonus) The lesson of Munich, in international relations, refers to the appeasement of Adolf Hitler at the Munich Conference in September 1938. To …

(Bonus) Munich Agreement

September 9th, 2022

(Bonus) The Munich Agreement was an agreement concluded at Munich on 30 September 1938, by Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Italy. It provided "cession to Germany of the Sudeten German territory" of …

(Bonus) Biography of Neville Chamberlin

September 9th, 2022

(Bonus) Arthur Neville Chamberlain 18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British politician of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister …

Between WWI and WWII: Poor Communication Among World Leaders, 5 of 6

September 9th, 2022


S15-E11 Topics: Prime Minister Chamberlin, Adolph Hitler, and Miscommunication among World Leaders.

The following links allow you to subscribe: iTunes

(Bonus) Disarmament Between the Wars

September 2nd, 2022

(Bonus) Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons. Disarmament generally refers to a country's military or a specific type …

(Bonus) Biography of President Roosevelt

September 2nd, 2022

(Bonus) Franklin Delano Roosevelt January 30, 1882 –April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician and attorney …

(Bonus) The Great Depression in the U.S.

September 2nd, 2022

(Bonus) In the United States, the Great Depression began with the Wall Street Crash of October 1929. The stock market crash marked the beginning of a decade of high unemployment, poverty, low profits, deflation, …

(Bonus) Isolationism Between the Wars

September 2nd, 2022

(Bonus) Isolationism is a political philosophy advocating a national foreign policy that opposes involvement in the political affairs, and especially …

(Bonus) FDR and the New Deal

September 2nd, 2022

(Bonus) The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in …

Between WWI and WWII: Understanding the United States, 4 of 6

September 2nd, 2022


S15-E10 Topics: FDR and the New Deal, Normalcy, Isolationism, Great Depression, Monroe Doctrine, and the WPA.

The following links allow you to …

(Bonus) Overview of the Weimar Republic

August 27th, 2022

(Bonus) The Weimar Republic, officially named the German Reich (Deutsches Reich), was the government of Germany from 1918 to 1933, during which it was a constitutional federal republic for the first time in history; …

(Bonus) Biography of Benito Mussolini

August 27th, 2022

(Bonus) Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini 29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who founded and led the National …

(Bonus) Nazism Explained

August 27th, 2022

(Bonus) Nazism is the common name in English for National Socialism, shortened to Nazismus), is the ideology and practices associated with Adolf …

(Bonus) Biography of Adolph Hitler

August 27th, 2022

(Bonus) 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Germany from 1933 until his death in 1945. He …

Between WWI and WWII: Understanding Italy and Germany, 3 of 6

August 27th, 2022


S15-E09 Topics: Understanding Desires and Needs of Germany, Totalitarism Compared, Basic Features of Nazism, and rise of Hitler.

The following links …

(Bonus) Life of Hideki Tojo

July 29th, 2022

(Bonus) Hideki Tojo (December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a Japanese politician, general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and convicted war …

(Bonus) Japanese Militarism Between WWI and WWII

July 29th, 2022

(Bonus) Japanese militarism refers to the ideology in the Empire of Japan which advocates the belief that militarism should dominate the political …

(Bonus) Japanese military modernization of 1868–1931

July 29th, 2022

(Bonus) The modernization of the Japanese army and navy during the Meiji period (1868–1912) and until the Mukden Incident (1931) was carried out by the newly founded national government, a military leadership that was …

(Bonus) Zaibatsu

July 29th, 2022

(Bonus) Zaibatsu ("financial clique") is a Japanese term referring to industrial and financial vertically integrated business conglomerates in the …

Between WWI and WWII: Understanding Japan, 2 of 6

July 29th, 2022


S15-E07 Topics: Understanding Desires and Needs of Japan, Shidelhara Diplomacy, Zaibatsu Economy, Experiment with Democracy, Perception of Economic Warfare by Western Countries, and Japan’s Need for Geographical …

(Bonus) The League of Nations

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) The League of Nations was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 by the Paris Peace Conference that ended the …

(Bonus) History Between WWI and WWII

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) In the history of the 20th century, the interwar period lasted from 11 November 1918 to 1 September 1939 (20 years, 9 months, 21 days), the end of the First World War to the beginning of the Second World War. …

(Bonus) International Relations Between WWI and WWII

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) International relations (1919–1939) covers the main interactions shaping world history in this era, known as the Interwar Period, with …

(Bonus) History of the U.S. Between WWI and WWII

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) The history of the United States from 1918 through 1945 covers the post-World War I era, the Great Depression, and World War II. After World War I, the U.S. rejected the Treaty of Versailles and did not join the …

(Bonus) Aftermath of World War One

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) The aftermath of World War I saw drastic political, cultural, economic, and social change across Eurasia, Africa, and even in areas outside …

(Bonus) Assigned Readings for the Interwar Unit

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) These are the assigned readings for my students in the introductory global history unit.

(Bonus) PowerPoint Slides for Between the Wars Unit

July 25th, 2022

(Bonus) These are the PowerPoint slides I used when this unit was a part of my introductory global history course. 

(Bonus) Detailed List of Student Protest Activities

March 24th, 2022

(Bonus) This document provides an outline of the activities and strategies by the protesters of Tiananmen Square.

(Bonus) Tank Man of the Protest Group

March 24th, 2022

(Bonus) One of the most memorable and tragic figures in the protest was Tank Man. He inspired protest movements worldwide as a result of his solitary …

(Bonus) 1989 Tiananmen Square Protest Overview

March 24th, 2022

(Bonus) This document presents the 1989 Tiananmen Square protest with its origins, events, and consequences.

(Bonus) Overview of Nonviolent Resistance

March 24th, 2022

(Bonus) An overview of nonviolent resistance and protest movement from history. Principles of these past events inspired the students in their China …

Communism: Tiananmen Square Protest, 6 of 6

March 24th, 2022


S15-E06 Topics: Tiananmen Square nonviolent protest and brutal suppression, Tank Man, inspiration for nonviolent protest.

The following links allow …

(Bonus) The Red Guard of Mao

March 17th, 2022

(Bonus) The Red Guard was used by Mao to both educate the masses and enforce control over them.

(Bonus) Cultural Revolution in China

March 17th, 2022

(Bonus) The Cultural Revolution in China was a means by which Mao wanted to transform society. It was a brutal process of change for society.

(Bonus) Bourgeoisie as the Enemy

March 17th, 2022

(Bonus) Lenin and Mao identified the bourgeoisie class as the enemy of desired change in their societies. 

Communism: Violence Justified for Change, 5 of 6

March 17th, 2022


S15-E05 Topics: justification by Lenin and Mao for violence to cause desired change, the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China, role of the …

(Bonus) The Little Red Book

March 10th, 2022

(Bonus) Mao's The Little Red Book was an essential tool for educating and transforming China's life and traditions.

(Bonus) Land Reform Movement in China

March 10th, 2022

(Bonus) Mao believed that land reform was essential for change in China for the masses.

(Bonus) Peasant Movement in Hunan

March 10th, 2022

(Bonus) The report on the Peasant Movement in Hunan was important to Mao's political beliefs and plans for change.

Communism: China under Communism, 4 of 6

March 10th, 2022


S15-E04 Topics: biography of Mao, justification for short term violence for change, importance of The Little Red Book, use of the Red Guard for …

(Bonus) Protest Tactics in Poland Uprising

March 3rd, 2022

(Bonus) The document provides an outline of the various protest tactics used during the Poland uprising.

(Bonus) Biography of Lech Walesa

March 3rd, 2022

(Bonus) The biography of Lech Walesa provides background about the major leader of the Poland protest movement.

(Bonus) Soviet Invasion of Poland

March 3rd, 2022

(Bonus) The article details the invasion of Poland by the Soviet Union.

(Bonus) History of Poland and Russia Relations

March 3rd, 2022

(Bonus) Poland has been dominated by Russia and then the Soviet Union for hundreds of years.

Communism: Poland Breaks Away, 3 of 6

March 3rd, 2022


S15-E03 Topics: cycle of revolution, nonviolent protest of Dr. Martin Luther King and Gandhi, analysis of the Poland protest, and Lech Walensa.

The …

(Bonus) Biography of Nikita Khrushchev

February 24th, 2022

(Bonus) Biography of Nikita Khrushchev. He is actually a moderate who is quickly pushed out of power by hardline Communist leaders.

(Bonus) The Berlin Wall in Germany

February 24th, 2022

(Bonus) The Berlin Wall in Germany was a symbol of the Cold War period. Rather than keeping Allied troops from invading, it was designed to keep …

(Bonus) Strategic Defense initiative

February 24th, 2022

(Bonus) The Strategic Defense Initiative was a proposal by the U.S. to build an anti-missile defense system to protect from a Soviet nuclear attack. It frightened the Soviet Union since they feared a preemptive attack …

Communism: Life After Stalin, 2 of 6

February 24th, 2022


S15-E02 Topics: Destalinization, Nikita Khrushchev, Berlin Wall, Brandenburg Gate and President Reagan, and Strategic Defense Initiative.

The …

(Bonus) Poison Laboratory of the Soviet Union

February 21st, 2022

(Bonus) This article describes how the Soviet Union developed poisons for political murder around the world.

(Bonus) Foreign Relations of the Soviet Unioin

February 21st, 2022

(Bonus) This is an overview of the plan by the Soviet Union to relate with the world community and spread their power.

(Bonus) Gosplan, Stalin's Restructure Plan

February 21st, 2022

(Bonus) The Gosplan was the comprehensive plan by Stalin to restructure the Soviet Union.

(Bonus) PowerPoint Slides for Communism Lectures

February 21st, 2022

(Bonus) These are the PowerPoint slides that accompany the lectures on communism.

(Bonus) Readings for Communism Unit

February 21st, 2022

(Bonus) These are the readings that accompany the unit on communism in China and Russia.

Communism: Stalin Consolidates Power, 1 of 6

February 21st, 2022


S15-E01 Topics: interaction of economic and political theories; phases of the Russian revolution; Russia restructures under Stalin, Stalin’s Gosplan; …

(Bonus) The Russian Civil War

January 6th, 2022

(Bonus) The Russian Civil War 7 November 1917 –16 June 1923) was a multi-party civil war in the former Russian Empire sparked by the overthrowing of …

(Bonus) The October Revolution

January 6th, 2022

(Bonus) The October Revolution, officially known as the Great October Socialist Revolution[b] under the Soviet Union, also known as the Bolshevik …

(Bonus) Biography of Lenin

January 6th, 2022

(Bonus) Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April [O.S. 10 April] 1870 –21 January 1924), better known by his alias Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, …

WWI, Catalyst for Russian Communist Revolution, 5 of 5

January 6th, 2022


S14-E19 Topics: Immediate and long-term causes of the revolution, phases of the Communist Revolution, and Communist civil war. PDF documents: The …

(Bonus) WWI: Treaty of Versailles

December 30th, 2021

(Bonus) The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919 in …

(Bonus) WWI: President Wilson's Fourteen Points

December 30th, 2021

(Bonus) The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace …

(Bonus) WWI: Aftermath of the Great War

December 30th, 2021

(Bonus) The aftermath of World War I saw drastic political, cultural, economic, and social change across Eurasia, Africa, and even in areas outside …

WWI: One War Ends and Another Will Begin, 4 of 5

December 30th, 2021


S14-E18 Topics: WWI consequences, WWI bridges to WWII, the catalyst for Russian Communist Revolution, and Treaty of Versailles. PDF documents: …

(Bonus) WWI, Meuse-Argonne Offensive

December 23rd, 2021

(Bonus) The Meuse–Argonne offensive was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice of November 11, …

(Bonus) WWI, U.S. Enters the War

December 23rd, 2021

(Bonus) The American entry into World War I came in April 1917, more than two and a half years after the war began in Europe. Apart from an Anglophile element urging early support for the British and an anti-Tsarist …

(Bonus) WWI: Battle of Verdun

December 23rd, 2021

(Bonus) The Battle of Verdun was fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916 on the Western Front in France. The battle was the longest of the First World War and took place on the hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse. The …

(Bonus) WWI, Tanks on the Battlefield

December 23rd, 2021

(Bonus) The development of tanks in World War I was a response to the stalemate that developed on the Western Front. Although vehicles that incorporated the basic principles of the tank (armour, firepower, and …

WWI, Russians Leave and U.S. Arrives, 3 of 5

December 23rd, 2021


S14-E17 Topics: tank warfare, Battle of Verdun, Meuse-Argonne Battle, Russians leave WWI, U.S. enters WWI, and armistice. PDF documents: U.S. entry to WWI, Battle of Verdun, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, and tanks in WWI.

(Bonus) WWI: Aviation during the War

December 16th, 2021

(Bonus) World War I was the first major conflict involving the large-scale use of aircraft. Tethered observation balloons had already been employed …

(Bonus) WWI: Trench Warfare

December 16th, 2021

(Bonus) Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines largely comprising military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered …

(Bonus) Technology During WWI

December 16th, 2021

(Bonus) Technology during World War I (1914–1918) reflected a trend toward industrialism and the application of mass-production methods to weapons …

WWI, 1915-1916 in the Air, Land, and Sea, 2 of 5

December 16th, 2021


S14-E16 Topics: initial crisis, trench warfare, submarines, and WWI aircraft. PDF documents: WWI aviation, technology overview, and trench warfare.

(Bonus) WWI: Causes of the War

December 9th, 2021

(Bonus) This article probes deeper into the complicated causes of WWI. The roots date back to the economic conflict of the Europeans beginning in the 1600s.

(Bonus) WWI: Overview of the War

December 9th, 2021

(Bonus) This Wikipedia article provides an overview of World War One.

(Bonus) WWI: Assigned Readings

December 9th, 2021

(Bonus) These are the assigned readings intended to accompany the WWI unit.

(Bonus) WWI: PowerPoint Slides for Lectures

December 9th, 2021

(Bonus) Follow along with the lectures using the PowerPoint slides I used for the sessions.

WWI, Roots of the Great War, 1 of 5

December 9th, 2021


S14-E15 This new unit explores WW I and the Russian Communist Revolution. Topics include: key history forces; and the role of nationalism, …

(Bonus) Instructions for History Simulation

December 3rd, 2021

(Bonus) This document contains the instructions for the history simulation that applies Gandhi's principles to a contemporary protest issue.

Imperialism, 5 of 5: Apply Gandhi Principles to Today

December 3rd, 2021


S14-E14 We apply Gandhi’s protest principles to contemporary issues of interest to the students. The audio provides a brief overview. The PDF document provides all the details about this highly engaging activity that …

Imperialism, 4 of 5: Consequences of Imperialism

November 26th, 2021


S14-E13 We examine the consequences of imperialism for the Western countries and countries that were occupied.

The following links allow you to …

(Bonus) Analysis of Imperialism

November 24th, 2021

(Bonus) European colonialism and colonization was the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over other societies and …

(Bonus) Overview of Postcolonialism

November 22nd, 2021

(Bonus) Postcolonialism is the critical academic study of the cultural legacy of colonialism and imperialism, focusing on the human consequences of …

(Bonus) Overview of Imperialism

November 20th, 2021

(Bonus) Imperialism is a policy or ideology of extending the rule over peoples and other countries, for extending political and economic access, …

Imperialism, 3 of 5: Gandhi's Protest Movement

November 19th, 2021


S14-E12 We examine Gandhi’s protest movement against British imperialism in episode three of the five-part series. We will apply his protest principles in episode five where we apply what was learned to today’s protest …

Imperialism, 2 of 5: Different Types of Imperialism

November 12th, 2021


S14-E11 We delve into different types of western imperialism and what motivated them in part two of this five-part series.

The following links allow …

(Bonus) Reading Guide for Western Imperialism

November 7th, 2021

(Bonus) These are the readings for the series Western Imperialism. The guide provides the discussion questions that we explore during the lectures.

(Bonus) PowerPoint Slides Western Imprialism

November 7th, 2021

(Bonus) These are the PowerPoint slides used throughout the five-part series on Western Imperialism.

Imperialism, 1 of 5: Motivations and Cycle of Imperialism

November 7th, 2021


S14-E10 We will explore imperialism by Western Europe in this five-part series. In this episode, we delve into the cycle of imperialism and the various motivations for the countries.

In addition to this audio episode, I …

Ind. Rev., 6 of 6: Creation of New Political Theories

July 9th, 2021


S14-E09 In part six, I complete my review of the impact of the Industrial Revolution with new political theories. We explore the connections between …

Ind. Rev. 5 of 6: Creation of New Economic Theories

July 2nd, 2021


S14-E08 In part five, I continue the impact of the Industrial Revolution with a review of the new economic theories. We explore the connections …

Ind. Rev., 4 of 6: Creation of New Social Classes

June 25th, 2021


S14-E07 In part four, I continue the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the creation of new social classes such as the working class. We explore …

Ind. Rev., 3 of 6: Impact on Society

June 18th, 2021


S14-E06 In part three, I focus on the impact of the Industrial Revolution on six areas of society: the shift from farm to factory, population growth, …

Ind. Rev., 2 of 6: Case Study of England

June 11th, 2021


S14-E05 In part two, I focus on why England was the leader of the Industrial Revolution. The confluence of geographical advantages, its previous …

(Bonus) Reading Guide for Industrial Revolution

June 4th, 2021

(Bonus) This reading guide provides a foundation for the students as they explore the Industrial Revolution unit. In this course, students were not …

(Bonus) Lecture PowerPoint Slides

June 4th, 2021

(Bonus) Lecture PowerPoint slides for the Industrial Revolution unit for all six parts. To get the maximum value of the lectures, follow along with …

Industrial Revolution, 1 of 6: Why Begin in Europe?

June 4th, 2021


S14-E04 I feature the Industrial Revolution in Western Europe and dig deeper to make the connections with current events and the history forces that …

(Bonus) Application of the Nine History Forces

May 30th, 2021

(Bonus PDF) The Nine History Forces are applied to strife being experienced in Franch today. See the history forces listed in the margins of the paragraphs. This is an example of what will occur during my history …

(Bonus) Nine Forces of History

May 30th, 2021

(Bonus PDF) The Nine Forces of History helped make sense of the seeming randomness of historical events. This handout will be referred to frequently within my course lectures. 

(Bonus) Central Question for Each Course Unit

May 30th, 2021

(Bonus PDF) Each unit central question helped students to simplify everything in the unit to remember the most important point. While we learned much more, the question was used for the weekly reflection question that …

(Bonus) Course Syllabus for Then and Now

May 30th, 2021

(Bonus PDF) The course syllabus is the guide for a course. It contains the learning objectives, calendar of activities, homework assignments, …

Preview of Upcoming Global History Lectures

May 30th, 2021


S14-E03 This is a preview of my global history course lectures I will share over the next year. Each podcast episode will contain a module from the …

PDF The Nine Forces of History

November 20th, 2018

PDF This one-page handout provides a brief overview of the nine forces of history that have influenced yesterday's and today's events.

The Nine History Forces Influencing Past and Present

November 20th, 2018


This podcast briefly explores the nine forces of history that influence past and current events.

(Bonus) Directory Other History Podcasts

May 25th, 2018

This revised directory are podcasts that I listen to, or at least sample some of the episodes. The directory is 11 pages and provides a description, website URL, and subscription link through iTunes. Many of these …

(Bonus) Other Life Podcast Network Podcasts

May 25th, 2018

The Life Podcast Network is home for a group of seven family-friendly podcasts and live stream conversations that bring a positive message of hope and inspiration. Our podcast network creates new stories and information …

(S14-E01) Season 14 Podcast Overview

February 15th, 2017


Welcome to the 14th season of Then and How: Global History and Culture podcast.  The podcast began during fall of 2006 as a project in an …

(PDF) Annotated List of Other History Podcast Shows I Have Subscribed

February 12th, 2017

This PDF documents provided an annotated list of history podcasts to which I am subscribed.  I hope you will find some new ones that will become your favorites as well.

I have been inspired by many other great history …

(PDF) Please Read Immediately to Sort Through the Episodes

February 10th, 2017

Thank you for your interest in the podcast created by my students and me. It has been a labor of love since 2006. I recently changed to Libsyn to host the podcast. That you see nearly 240 episodes uploaded for all 13 …

(PDF) Please Read Immediately to More Easily Find Interesting Episodes

February 9th, 2017

Thank you for your interest in the podcast created by my students and me. It has been a labor of love since 2006. I recently changed to Libsyn to host the podcast. That is why you see nearly 150 episodes uploaded in the …

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