"Now that I’m all by myself, I’m going to indulge in this last cookie. I don’t think anyone will notice!”
Today I’ll explain some words related to trials. While I’m hoping you’ll never have to use these words in real life, becoming familiar with this language will help you better grasp the subject and engage in conversation on the topic.
Come on, let’s start!
#1 The Accused or Defendant
The person who is accused of breaking the law is called the accused or defendant. They have the right to tell their side of the story and present evidence to the judge.
The police arrested the defendant. He is accused of having eaten the last cookie in the box.
A courtroom is a place where legal cases are heard and decided. People go there when they are accused of doing something illegal or have a disagreement that needs to be settled by a judge or jury.
The trial of the defendant will take place in the courtroom.
Okay, next word:
A crime is an act or omission against the law punishable by a fine, imprisonment, or both. For example, stealing is a crime.
– I just committed a crime!
– What crime did you commit?
– I ate the last cookie without sharing – that’s an unforgivable crime!
In this case, legally, it would not be a crime, but it is unforgivable to eat the last cookie without sharing it!
An accomplice is a person who helps another to commit a crime or offense. There could be more than one person helping with the crime.
– I can’t believe we did this.
– Me neither. But no one saw how we ate the cookie. Now we are accomplices.
#5 Lawyer or attorney
What’s the difference between a lawyer and an attorney?
What is a lawyer?
A lawyer is someone who has been educated in the law and has completed law school. They can provide legal advice, but cannot represent clients in court because they still need to pass the bar exam.
What is an attorney?
An attorney has graduated from law school and passed the bar exam in their state of practice; therefore, they can represent clients in court.
Let me tell you a joke about lawyers:
– Good morning, How much do you charge for a quick consultation?
– 500 dollars for three questions.
-Wow, isn’t that a bit expensive?
– Yes. And what is your third question?
#6 Presumption of innocence
This is important. The presumption of innocence means we should consider the defendant innocent until proven guilty in a court of law.
The judge reminded the audience that the presumption of innocence must always be maintained. It hasn’t been determined if the accused ate the last cookie in the box.
Get the transcript on my website: http://speakenglishpodcast.com/podcast/
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