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Blood & Cancer

71 EpisodesProduced by MDedge Hematology OncologyWebsite

Interview-style hematology/oncology podcast from MDedge Hematology-Oncology. The show is hosted by Dr. David Henry with Pearls from Dr. Ilana Yurkiewicz for clinical hematology and oncology health care professionals. The information in this podcast is provided for informational and educational purpo… read more

29:59

GI malignancy case review

Daniel G. Haller, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, joins Blood & Cancer host David H. Henry, MD, also of the University of Pennsylvania, to discuss two real-world gastrointestinal cancer cases and how the latest research should influence the approach to care.

Plus, in Clinical Correlation, Ilana Yurkiewicz, MD, of Stanford (Calif.) University talks about pressure from patients to overtreat indolent cancer.

This week in Oncology:

Perceived discrimination linked to delay in ovarian cancer diagnosis for black women
Perceived everyday discrimination was associated with an extended duration between symptom onset and cancer diagnosis in black women with ovarian cancer.

Time Stamps:

  • This week in Oncology (04:47)
  • Interview with Dr. Haller (07:27)
  • Clinical Correlation (26:20)

Show Notes

Patient case #1: Patient presents with a T2 tumor with right-sided colon cancer with invasion of a large right vessel. What is the best management? 

  • The IDEA collaboration: Large analysis to evaluate CAPOX vs. FOLFOX therapy for colorectal cancer and to determine 3 months vs. 6 months of therapy. Researchers at the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting presented an evaluation of the treatments in stage II colon cancer with high-risk features (Abstract 3501).
    • Definition of high risk: T4, inadequate nodal harvest, poorly differentiated, obstruction, perforation or vascular/perineural invasion.
      • Difficult for pathologists to diagnose T4 disease. The definition of high-risk disease was slightly different in each individual trial.
    • T stage makes the most difference of all.
    • Overall data:

Patient case #2: A 38-year old woman with past medical history of diverticulitis presents with left lower quadrant pain and is treated with antibiotics but does not improve. She was referred for colonoscopy, which reveals sigmoid polyp; pathology shows moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. A CT scan is performed, which reveals a lesion that is transmural, circumferential in the sigmoid, and requires surgery. Sigmoid is colectomy performed for a large tumor and serosal and pericolic and immediately adjacent retroperitoneal soft tissue is noted. Other notable features included lymphovascular invasion but no metastases. Genetic testing shows RAS/BRAF negative and MMR analysis notes PMS2 negative. 

  • Concern for Lynch syndrome given right-sided disease, female, large tumor; therefore, genetic testing for Lynch syndrome is recommended. This is important because patient requires more frequent colonoscopies.
  • Work with surgeons to recommend keeping clips in place to minimize area that gets radiation.
  • Approach to treatment: Dr. Haller recommends the “sandwich approach,” in which the patient receives chemotherapy, then radiation, then more chemotherapy. FOLFOX or CAPOX are both chemotherapy options.

 

Show notes by Ronak Mistry, DO, resident in the department of internal medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

For more MDedge Podcasts, go to mdedge.com/podcasts

Email the show: podcasts@mdedge.com

Interact with us on Twitter: @MDedgehemonc

Ilana Yurkiewicz on Twitter: @ilanayurkiewicz

 

 

 

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