Cover art for podcast Azeem Azhar's Exponential View

Azeem Azhar's Exponential View

163 EpisodesProduced by HBR Presents / Azeem AzharWebsite

How will the future unfold? What is the impact of technology on business & society? As technology reorders the world in which live, who will be the winners and who will be the losers? Join Azeem Azhar, curator of the Exponential View newsletter, in deep conversation with the world's leading thinkers… read more

163 Episodes | 2016 - 2022

Upcoming Hiatus: What to Listen to While We’re Away

June 22nd, 2022


After producing more than 160 episodes of Exponential View over the last six years, we’re taking a break to reflect on what we’ve learned and how the conversations we’ve hosted with leaders are changing our perspective …

Can Entrepreneurs and Governments Team Up to Solve Big Problems? (from Cold Call)

June 15th, 2022


Shield AI’s autonomous combat robots are intended to help protect civilians and service members. As a startup, barely two years past founding, how …

The Co-Creator of the iPod and iPhone on Radical Innovation (with Tony Fadell)

June 8th, 2022


How do you talk about a product before anything like it exists? How do you guide the engineers building it and the marketing department who has to sell it?

As co-creator of the iPod and iPhone, founder of the learning …

The Science and Economics of Carbon Recycling (with LanzaTech’s Jennifer Holmgren)

June 1st, 2022


Carbon recycling takes our polluting carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and, with the help of bacteria, turns them into ethanol. This can replace oil …

Can Collective Intelligence Beat the Market? (with Numerai’s Richard Craib)

May 25th, 2022


Quantitative hedge funds (or “quant funds”), which rely on the work of employed mathematicians to develop complex trading strategies, are nothing new. But what if the mathematical work is outsourced to anyone, via a …

Hydrogen’s Role in Decarbonization (with Electric Hydrogen CEO Raffi Garabedian)

May 18th, 2022


Hydrogen has long been hyped as a fuel of the future. It’s abundant and its waste product is water. But it’s only recently that the availability of cheap renewable energy has allowed hydrogen to be produced …

Flying Taxis Are Coming (with Volocopter’s Florian Reuter)

May 11th, 2022


Volocopter’s CEO Florian Reuter joins Azeem Azhar to explore how this radical new transport could transform our cities. They also break down the …

How Web3 Is Changing Commerce and Governance (with Not Boring’s Packy McCormick)

May 4th, 2022


Web3’s ability to attach value and incentives to almost every part of human activity has radical implications not only for how businesses engage with their customers, but also for how people can self-organize to drive …

Gaming’s Web3 Future (with FTX Ventures’ Amy Wu)

April 27th, 2022


As the gaming industry evolves to meet the challenges and opportunities of Web3, could it drive the mass adoption of crypto? 

Amy Wu leads …

Money in the Metaverse (with Citi’s Ronit Ghose)

April 20th, 2022


What is the metaverse, how will we use it and why might the financial innovations of Web3 and blockchain technology be crucial to its success? Citi’s …

Venture Capital and Deep Decarbonization (with Energy Impact Partners’ Shayle Kann)

April 13th, 2022


Venture capitalists offer their investors outsized financial returns in exchange for taking on considerable risk. But what if that risk includes backing products where the economics of the end market aren’t clear? …

AI and Cancer: Unlocking the Immune System (with Immunai’s Luis Voloch)

April 6th, 2022


Today’s cancer therapies are difficult, expensive, and slow to create. But the combination of new computing and new biological technologies is …

How To Make Nuclear Energy Safe (with Seaborg’s Troels Schönfeldt)

March 30th, 2022


Meeting rising energy requirements in a safe and climate-friendly way is one of the key challenges humanity needs to solve. Danish start-up Seaborg …

The Meaning of Life in the Metaverse (with David Chalmers)

March 23rd, 2022


We could soon be living more of our lives in immersive virtual worlds, but what will that look like and how will it affect us? New York University …

The Future of Warfare Is Here (with General Sir Richard Barrons)

March 16th, 2022


General Sir Richard Barrons, the former commander of the UK’s Joint Forces Command — whose remit included military intelligence, special forces, and …

How the Russia-Ukraine Conflict Will Change Cyberwar (with Robert Hannigan)

March 9th, 2022


Many experts expected Russia’s war with Ukraine to be accompanied by a large-scale cyberattack, but that hasn’t yet materialized. Azeem Azhar speaks to Robert Hannigan, the former director of the Government …

Vertical Farming and the Future of Food (with ZERO Farms’ Daniele Modesto)

March 2nd, 2022


Technology is making traditional agriculture more efficient, but farming still has its problems. It takes a huge amount of land and can be energy- …

Scaling Synthetic Biology (with Ginkgo’s Reshma Shetty)

February 23rd, 2022


Science is getting better at re-engineering micro-organisms for all kinds of uses, from better medical treatments to more durable materials. But there are still hurdles to overcome, including scaling the process.

Micromobility Will Change Our Cities (with Horace Dediu)

February 16th, 2022


Eighty percent of urban trips are less than two miles long. So why do so many of us make them in big, inefficient, and expensive vehicles? Tech analyst Horace Dediu, who coined the term “micromobility,” joins Azeem …

How Venture Capital Made the Modern World (with Sebastian Mallaby)

February 9th, 2022


Seventy-five percent of the total value of US companies that have floated since 1995 has been created by venture-backed firms, including Alphabet, Facebook, and countless others. But how did an obscure investment …

The Future of Healthcare: Personalization and AI (with ZOE’s Jonathan Wolf)

February 2nd, 2022


Nutritional science has long been one-size-fits-all. Advice on a healthier diet has been generic, failing to consider the huge variance of our bodies. ZOE is trying to change that by combining new research about our …

What Studying Consciousness Can Reveal about AI and the Metaverse (with Anil Seth)

January 26th, 2022


The workings of the brain have long puzzled scientists and philosophers, but the last twenty years have been a golden age for consciousness research.

Supercritical’s Mission to Help Tech Reach Net Zero (with Michelle You)

January 19th, 2022


Companies of all sizes and sectors have committed to net-zero emissions targets, but getting there is not straightforward. Measuring carbon dioxide output is tricky, carbon markets are fragmented, and the quality of …

Crypto and the Future of Money (with Terra’s Do Kwon)

January 12th, 2022


Some people see cryptocurrencies as speculative assets with no real utility at best, a Ponzi scam at worst. For others, blockchain-based currencies …

Azeem’s 2022 Trends: Web 3.0, Sci-Fi Tech, and the Metaverse

January 5th, 2022


Azeem Azhar sets out his vision for 2022 and shares the trends he thinks will change our world this year. Some changes are hurtling down the pike, like the growth of Web 3.0 and the metaverse, while others are rumbling …

Learning from 2021: Azeem’s Takeaways

December 29th, 2021


As 2021 draws to a close and Covid cases spike, it’s easy to think not much has changed. But in between pandemic waves, we’ve made major progress in …

From Tech Investor to Author (with a16z’s Andrew Chen)

December 22nd, 2021


Andreessen Horowitz general partner Andrew Chen and host Azeem Azhar have something in common: they were both tech company insiders and early-stage investors before becoming authors. They explore why they decided to …

How Quantum Computing Will Change Everything (with Chad Rigetti)

December 15th, 2021


Quantum computing won’t be an incremental improvement – it will be a step-change in the power of the technology that underpins a huge part of our …

Nuclear Fusion’s Time is (Finally) Coming

December 8th, 2021


Nuclear fusion seems to have been “twenty years away” forever, but recent advances could mean fusion is finally on its way to becoming part of our …

Grading AI: The Hits and Misses

December 1st, 2021


Murray Shanahan, professor of cognitive robotics at Imperial College London and a senior research scientist at DeepMind, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss …

Technology and Redistribution of Power (with Yanis Varoufakis)

November 24th, 2021


Former Greek Finance Minister, economist, and bestselling author Yanis Varoufakis joins Azeem Azhar to discuss his speculative novel Another Now. In …

The AI Revolution is Just Beginning (with Nathan Benaich and Ian Hogarth)

November 17th, 2021


Artificial intelligence had a breakout year, with major new developments in disparate fields, from medical biology to defense. AI investors Nathan …

Why Energy Storage Is the Future of the Grid (with Malta CEO Ramya Swaminathan)

November 10th, 2021


Renewable energy is the future of power, but relying on solar, wind, etc. will require a more reliable and resilient grid. Effective energy storage …

Building a Multibillion-Dollar Company in 18 Months (with Hopin’s Johnny Boufarhat)

November 3rd, 2021


Hopin is one of the fastest-growing startups in history. Founder and CEO Johnny Boufarhat joins Azeem Azhar to talk about how he grew the virtual events company from six employees in February 2020, at the start of the …

Decarbonization by the Numbers (with Michele Della Vigna)

October 27th, 2021


The transition to a greener economy is absolutely essential for the future of life as we know it. Governments and companies have committed to …

The Future of the Car (with Ford’s Hau Thai-Tang)

October 20th, 2021


Ford has been making cars for 118 years — nearly all of them with internal combustion engines. It now faces the biggest challenge in its history. As …

Funding Innovation to Fight Climate Change

October 13th, 2021


The climate crisis is the defining issue of our age, and to fight it effectively, we’ll have to redesign our world. That requires money and …

How Network Effects Rule the World (with James Currier)

October 6th, 2021


Google, Facebook, Apple, and Uber are just some of the enormous companies that derive part of their value from network effects: The more users they have, the more value they provide. Network effects aren’t new. The …

Imagining Climate Futures with Kim Stanley Robinson

July 7th, 2021


Kim Stanley Robinson, the legendary science-fiction novelist, has a private utopian hope: “to dodge a mass extinction event.” He joins Azeem Azhar to explore his recent novel, The Ministry For the Future, and what it …

How to Regulate Facebook (with Nick Clegg)

June 30th, 2021


Facebook serves 34 percent of the world’s population and decides who to block and what to censor. How should governments regulate this startling …

The Future of Digital Payments

June 23rd, 2021


Visa processes more than 500 million transactions every day. How is the world’s largest digital payment platform adapting to new technologies and …

How to Practice Responsible AI

June 16th, 2021


From predictive policing to automated credit scoring, algorithms applied on a massive scale, gone unchecked, represent a serious threat to our …

The Coming AI Hackers

June 9th, 2021


AI hackers are coming, and it’s not just our computer networks at risk – our laws and regulations are also vulnerable. Bruce Schneier, …

Banking without Banks: Decentralized Finance is Coming

June 2nd, 2021


Could we have a financial industry without banks or brokers? That’s the vision of decentralized finance – or DeFi – in which financial products are …

AI’s Competitive Advantage

May 26th, 2021


AI can offer a new type of competitive advantage, but entrepreneurs need to know what it is and how to unlock it. Ash Fontana, author of The AI First Company and managing director at Zetta Venture Partners – a firm that …

Building a Trustworthy Market for Carbon Offsets: Part 2

May 20th, 2021


Using forests to offset a company’s carbon emissions has been dismissed as “greenwashing.” But Diego Saez Gil argues that a verifiable and …

Building a Trustworthy Market for Carbon Offsets: Part 1

May 19th, 2021


How do we build a market for carbon offsets that is both trustworthy and effective? Diego Saez Gil, co-founder and CEO of Pachama, believes he has the answer. In part 1 of the conversation, Diego joins Azeem Azhar to …

The Power of Mental Modeling and the Limits of AI

May 12th, 2021


Kenneth Cukier, senior editor at the Economist, and Viktor Mayer-Schoenberger, professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at the University of …

Startups and the State: Growing French Tech

May 5th, 2021


In less than a decade France has gone from tech backwater to the startup engine of the EU. It recently celebrated its 12th company to achieve a $1 billion valuation and is well on the way to President Macron’s goal of …

How Data Helps Companies Honor Their Climate Goals

April 28th, 2021


Turning a corporate climate pledge into reality is a complex endeavor. Watershed, a software startup co-founded by Christian Anderson, is committed to using data to cut corporate emissions fast. In conversation with

The Future of Meat

April 21st, 2021


Livestock is responsible for 15 percent of global greenhouse emissions. Could meat grown in labs offer a sustainable – and palatable – future? Didier …

Mapping AI’s Societal Impact

April 14th, 2021


AI is not just code and algorithms. It’s an industry built on a global network of resource extraction, human labor, and data collection. Kate Crawford

Making Quantum Computers a Commercial Reality

April 7th, 2021


IonQ is the first company solely focused on quantum computing to go public, with its quantum computers accessible via the cloud today. The company’s …

Bitcoin and the Future of Decentralized Finance

March 31st, 2021


Meltem Demirors, Chief Strategy Officer at CoinShares, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the potential and politics of cryptocurrencies: from the …

The Evolution of Teamwork (with Atlassian CEO Scott Farquhar)

March 24th, 2021


Atlassian, the enterprise software innovator, is helping to drive disruption across the world of work. Co-founder and co-CEO, Scott Farquhar, joins Azeem Azhar to explain how, during a global pandemic, they nearly …

The Architects of AI

March 17th, 2021


Cade Metz, technology correspondent at The New York Times, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss his new book Genius Makers. In it, he tells the story of the …

Universities and the Innovation Landscape

March 10th, 2021


What are universities for? Are they an elite pipeline for elite jobs, or can they meet the needs of societies transforming amid technological …

Engineering a Driverless Future

March 3rd, 2021


Chris Urmson, co-founder and CEO of the self-driving technology startup Aurora, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the state-of-play of self-driving …

Fixing the Social Media Crisis

February 24th, 2021


Social networks polarize communities and spread misinformation. Professor Sinan Aral, director of MIT’s Initiative on the Digital Economy and author …

Investing in Deep Tech for an Abundant Future

February 17th, 2021


Could deep tech companies bring about an age of abundance? Matt Ocko, co-founder and managing partner of Data Collective Venture Capital, joins Azeem …

From Insurance Giant to Tech Platform: The Story of Ping An

February 10th, 2021


From an insurance giant to an incubator of cutting-edge tech companies, Ping An’s evolution is impressive and unique. Chief Innovation Officer

Building A Quantum Computer with Light

February 3rd, 2021


“Quantum computing is to conventional computing what a warp drive is to a bicycle,” says Jeremy O’Brien, CEO of PsiQuantum. He joins Azeem Azhar to explore the exponential advantage quantum computing will bring to …

Bringing DARPA’s Innovation to Health

January 27th, 2021


Regina Dugan, CEO of new biomedical non-profit Wellcome Leap and former director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the U.S., joins Azeem Azhar to explore how she approaches delivering …

Big Tech and a Decade of Antitrust with Cory Doctorow

January 6th, 2021


Cory Doctorow, award-winning author, technologist, and founder, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the power of big tech monopolies and how a future wave …

Learning from 2020: Azeem’s Takeaways

December 30th, 2020


In his reflection on this tumultuous year, Azeem Azhar finds hope in our reaction to the pandemic. The achievements made through collective action …

Applying the Pandemic Mindset to Climate Change with Cory Doctorow

December 23rd, 2020


Cory Doctorow, award winning author, technologist, and founder, joins Azeem Azhar to examine how the pandemic mindset around harnessing massive …

Making Venture Capital Work for Entrepreneurs

December 16th, 2020


Leila Rastegar Zegna, co-founder and general partner of Kindred Capital, joins Azeem Azhar for a deep dive into venture capital: how it really works, what’s broken, and how to fix it. They also explore a new model for …

IKEA: Making a $40 Billion Company Climate Positive

December 9th, 2020


IKEA generates 0.1 percent of the world’s annual greenhouse gas emissions. Can this $40 billion multinational company become climate positive by 2030?

China’s Technology Transformation with Kai-Fu Lee

December 2nd, 2020


“China is no longer a copycat. It’s an innovator,” says Kai-Fu Lee, CEO of Sinovation Ventures and former president of Google China. He joins Azeem …

Materials Built by Microbes: A Revolution in Materials Science

November 25th, 2020


From plastics to clothing, we depend on materials derived from petroleum. But how do we create the next generation of materials that perform even …

Silicon Valley Needs a Shakedown with Chamath Palihapitiya

November 18th, 2020


Chamath Palihapitiya, investor and CEO of Social Capital, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the dysfunctional relationship between capital and companies, why SPACs (special purpose acquisition companies) are such a necessary …

How AI and Genomics Are Reshaping Farming

November 11th, 2020


As the world population grows and climate change intensifies, how can we transform the food supply chain to be more sustainable and resilient? Mike …

Understanding the Enduring Consequences of Covid-19

November 9th, 2020


Azeem Azhar speaks with Yale Professor of Social and Natural Science, Internal Medicine & Biomedical Engineering, Nicholas Christakis, whose …

Should We End the Data Economy?

November 4th, 2020


Google and Facebook became multibillion-dollar juggernauts by stockpiling data and using it to sell advertising. Governments can now track their …

Facebook’s Tech Chief: How We Built It and Where We’re Going

October 28th, 2020


When Facebook’s Chief Technology Officer Mike Schroepfer joined the company in 2008, it was about to hit 100 million users – today they serve 2.7 …

DeepMind’s Journey from Games to Fundamental Science

October 21st, 2020


Demis Hassabis, CEO and co-founder of DeepMind, dreams of using AI to solve fundamental problems in science. He joins Azeem Azhar to explore his own …

How Taiwan is Using Technology to Foster Democracy (with Digital Minister Audrey Tang)

October 14th, 2020


“Democracy is a technology. Like any […] technology, it gets better when more people strive to improve it,” says Audrey Tang, Taiwan’s first digital …

How GPT-3 Is Shaping Our AI Future

October 7th, 2020


OpenAI stunned the world with the release of Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3 (GPT-3), the world’s most impressive language-generating AI. OpenAI CEO Sam Altman joins Azeem Azhar to reflect on the huge attention …

Season 4 Finale: Azeem’s Favorite Episodes and Trends to Watch

July 1st, 2020


As we wrap up the season and head off to a short summer break, Azeem Azhar reflects on what he learned from his conversations with technology and …

Reimagining Capitalism for a Broken World

June 24th, 2020


More than half of the world’s population believe capitalism is doing more harm than good. But is it beyond repair, or can it be fixed from within? …

Engineering Biology: The Next Frontier

June 17th, 2020


The increasing capabilities of computing have changed biology from a realm dominated by scientific discovery to one that intersects with engineering …

Rethinking the Innovation Ecosystem

June 10th, 2020


Starting a company with a stranger is not the traditional path for many entrepreneurs, but this is one of the basic principles of Entrepreneur First (EF), the world’s leading talent investor. Matt Clifford, EF’s CEO and …

Using AI to Decentralize Organizations

June 3rd, 2020


Operating a company with no managers, where everyone chooses their work, salary, and holiday entitlement may sound like chaos. But Daniel Hulme, CEO …

Empowering Workers in the Digital Future

May 27th, 2020


Companies increasingly use digital systems to hire, fire, and monitor their employees. But who is keeping employers in check? Former director at the service workers union, UNI Global, and one of the most influential …

Building Better Cities After Covid-19

May 20th, 2020


Cities drive prosperity. But during the Covid-19 pandemic, they also have become crucibles of disease. Sameh Wahba, the World Bank’s Global Director of Urban, Disaster Risk Management, Resilience, and Land, joins Azeem …

Fei-Fei Li’s Mission to Transform Healthcare AI

May 13th, 2020


After ImageNet transformed AI vision, superstar Stanford computer science professor Fei-Fei Li has turned her attention to advancing healthcare. Fei-Fei Li, co-director of Stanford’s Human-Centered AI Institute, is …

How Nasdaq is Growing the World’s Digital Marketplace

May 6th, 2020


Nasdaq has evolved from being the world’s first digital marketplace to a global technology company. CEO Adena Friedman joins Azeem Azhar to discuss …

The Digital Future of the Supply Chain

April 29th, 2020


Global supply chains are efficient, but fragile. How can we make them more robust, flexible, and sustainable? Pamela Mar, EVP for Knowledge and Applications at the Fung Group, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the …

Lessons for an Aging World

April 27th, 2020


For the first time in history, there are more people on the planet over 65 years old, than under five. How do we adapt to this demographic …

The New Science of Aging

April 22nd, 2020


We have long assumed aging is inevitable, but is it? Professor David Sinclair, founder of the Sinclair Lab at Harvard’s Medical School and author of …

Navigating Covid-19 in a Digital Republic (with President of Estonia Kersti Kaljulaid)

April 20th, 2020


In Estonia, the only public service not available online is marriage. Dubbed the “digital republic”, Estonia has the most advanced e-government in …

The Drive to Decarbonize

April 15th, 2020


Clean energy is now cheaper than coal, and its uptake is accelerating. But can we get to zero emissions in time? Investor and technologist Ramez Naam

Inside Alphabet’s X: Nurturing Radical Creativity

April 8th, 2020


X, Alphabet Inc.’s “moonshot factory,” dares to solve big problems with breakthrough technologies. Most of their projects fail. But some — like …

The Next Trillion-Dollar Market

April 1st, 2020


Biotech is gathering pace: AI systems are simulating novel materials, new genomic technologies are enabling precision bioengineering, and automation …

Technology Companies and the New Recession

March 30th, 2020


The world is facing an economic crisis never seen before, says equity analyst Pierre Ferragu. Consumer demand remains strong and supply infrastructure is still healthy, but both are in lockdown and unable to function. …

Science Fights the Coronavirus

March 24th, 2020


The exponential growth of COVID-19 is threatening to bring down the world economy. To understand the pandemic, Azeem Azhar chats with professor Yaneer Bar-Yam, President of the New England Complex Systems Institute, who …

The Redecentralized Web

March 18th, 2020


Data monopolies and abuses of privacy are only some of the flaws of Web 2.0. Muneeb Ali, co-founder and CEO of Blockstack, tells Azeem Azhar how the …

Welfare in the Exponential Age

March 11th, 2020


Existing social institutions are not adequate to meet the challenges of the exponential age. Social entrepreneur and author, Hilary Cottam, proposes …

How Humans Judge Machines

March 4th, 2020


“People judge humans by their intentions, and machines by the outcome,” says physicist and author Cesar Hidalgo. He is one of the creators of the field of Complexity Economics. Hidalgo joins Azeem Azhar to explain how …

Can Airtable Democratize Software Development?

February 26th, 2020


Airtable, valued at $1.1 billion, is carving out a new product category that could compete with cloud computing in value. The founder of Airtable,

Geopolitics, Technology, and Risk

February 19th, 2020


Some would argue that the world is more volatile today than it was during the Cold War, and technology is catalyzing a number of fundamental changes …

Surviving a Crisis During the Techlash

February 12th, 2020


Crisis management is not only about cleaning up after a disaster, but also about establishing a healthy company culture. Judy Smith, renowned crisis …

Leading a Technology Giant During the Techlash

February 5th, 2020


Microsoft’s president, Brad Smith, argues for multilateral cooperation across borders and sectors in order to advance the regulatory framework for …

Superintelligence Already Rules the World

January 22nd, 2020


Artificial decision-making machines have been with us for hundreds of years. We call them corporations and states, and they have hugely accelerated the development of our societies. That’s the argument David Runciman

Building Unicorns in Europe

December 18th, 2019


Seedcamp has backed close to 400 European startups at the seed stage. The fund’s co-founder and managing partner Reshma Sohoni joins Azeem Azhar to discuss what it takes to build a thriving startup ecosystem outside …

The State of Nanotechnology

December 11th, 2019


Nanotechnology has long been hailed as a means of eradicating diseases and delivering other healthcare solutions. University of Oxford professor

Cybersecurity in the Age of AI

December 4th, 2019


AI is reshaping the landscape of cyber defense. As new security fissures open up, threat analysts deploy more powerful tools to prevent and respond …

Growth and the Energy Transition with Vaclav Smil

November 27th, 2019


For the first time in history, we have to tackle a truly global problem: climate breakdown. Energy transition away from fossil fuels is imperative, …

AI, Accountability, and Power

November 20th, 2019


In November 2018 mass protests by Google workers drew attention to deep problems with bias and discrimination at some of the largest Silicon Valley companies. Meredith Whittaker, co-director of the AI Now Institute and …

Technology and the New World of Work

November 13th, 2019


The nature of work is undergoing tremendous changes, influenced by aging populations, the digital revolution, and a paradigm shift away from Fordism.

How Free-Market Economists Got It Wrong

November 6th, 2019


The late 1960s saw a revolution in public policy, as economists began to play an important role in shaping politics. On the wings of ideas …

Beyond Deep Learning with Gary Marcus

October 30th, 2019


Gary Marcus is well known as a deep learning critic. A neuroscientist, entrepreneur, and the author of “Rebooting AI: Building Artificial Intelligence We Can Trust,” Marcus believes that researchers need to move past …

AI and the Future of Warfare

October 23rd, 2019


In our rapidly changing world, peace is increasingly fragile. The only way to ensure we keep it and foster it around the world is to educate citizens to become its resilient stewards. General Sir Richard Barrons is the …

Bubbles, Golden Ages, and Tech Revolutions

October 16th, 2019


How do we exploit the technological revolution for green growth and global development? Celebrated economist, author, and scholar, Carlota Perez

Creating an AI-First Business with Andrew Ng

October 9th, 2019


Artificial General Intelligence won’t be with us for at least another 100 years, but former Baidu chief scientist and Google Brain cofounder Andrew Ng argues that AI will radically alter most industries within the …

Tony Blair: Governing in the Age of AI

October 2nd, 2019


If the UK’s former Prime Minister, Tony Blair, was in the government today, he says that he would mobilize his whole office around the technology …

Introducing Season 4

September 25th, 2019


In the new season of the Exponential View podcast, Azeem Azhar speaks to an eclectic group of leaders in technology, business, politics, economics, …

Engineering Biology

August 14th, 2019


Engineering biology holds the key to improving the lives of people across the world. It promises solutions to disease, food production, and pollution …

Governance in the Age of AI

August 14th, 2019


Artificial intelligence is a powerful technology with capabilities that are open to use by state and non-state actors. In this conversation Azeem …

Disrupting the Insurance Industry with AI

August 14th, 2019


“At a fundamental level, insurance is a social good. It’s about a community of people pooling their resources to help the weakest members in their …

Beneficial Artificial Intelligence

June 26th, 2019


In 2015, computer scientist and AI pioneer, Stuart Russell, became the first signatory of an open letter calling on researchers to ensure “that increasingly capable AI systems are robust and beneficial.” Stuart joins

Surveillance Capitalism

June 19th, 2019


Shoshana Zuboff coined the term “surveillance capitalism” to describe the new way companies claim private human experience as products. Shoshana joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the emergence of surveillance capitalism, its …

AI’s Near Future

June 12th, 2019


For Jürgen Schmidhuber, a recognized pioneer in AI, artificial intelligence is much more than another technological revolution. He sees it as the …

The Autonomous Economy

June 5th, 2019


One of the founders of complexity economics, W. Brian Arthur, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how artificial intelligence is ushering us into the age of the autonomous economy with radical implications for our society.

In …

Disrupting Finance

May 29th, 2019


Artificial intelligence is unlocking new value in the banking and finance industry, but incumbents are struggling to keep pace. Azeem Azhar discusses what this means for the industry and its customers with Citi …

Embedding AI in Business

May 22nd, 2019


AI is the fastest-growing industry that Accenture’s CTIO Paul Daugherty has ever experienced. He joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how AI can help …

The Truth About Autonomy

May 15th, 2019


Director of the Humans and Autonomy Lab at Duke University and one of the first female fighter pilots, professor Missy Cummings debates the current state of autonomy with Azeem Azhar. Taking a stance of techno-realism, …

AI and the Genetic Revolution

May 8th, 2019


Michigan State University senior vice president Stephen Hsu, a theoretical physicist and the founder of Genomic Prediction, demonstrates how the …

When AI Meets Medicine

May 1st, 2019


With healthcare under extreme commercial and political pressure, the doctor-patient relationship is at a low point — and risks further deterioration. …

The Innovation Economy

April 24th, 2019


“We haven’t really understood the power of the state,” argues economist Mariana Mazzucato, warning that this has impacted the rising inequality in wealth creation and distribution. Mariana and Azeem Azhar discuss the …

Creating the Data Economy

April 17th, 2019


Our society has become increasingly reliant on data, but its value is not accessible to all. Of the 16 billion terabytes of data created globally in 2016, only 1% was analyzed. Among other discrepancies, the growing …

Designing Responsible AI

April 10th, 2019


“Intelligence is central to everything humans do, and artificial intelligence should be no exception.” With these words, Joanna Bryson urges for …

Investing in Disruptive Innovation

April 3rd, 2019


In the late 1800’s, three innovation platforms shaped the world as we know it today: the telephone, electricity, and the internal combustion engine. …

Technology Diffusion and the Rise of Asia

February 6th, 2019


Parag Khanna is a leading international relations expert and the author of The Future Is Asian: Commerce, Conflict and Culture in the 21st Century.

Overcoming the Epistemic Crisis

January 30th, 2019


Elif Shafak is an award-winning British-Turkish author and human rights activist. She has published 16 books, 10 of which are novels. The New York Review of Books called her latest novel, Three Daughters of Eve, a …

Regulating the Cyberspace

January 23rd, 2019


Marietje Schaake is a Dutch politician and member of the European Parliament (MEP) from the Netherlands. The Wall Street Journal called her “Europe’s …

Making Sense of the Data-Rich World with Graph Databases

January 16th, 2019


Emil Eifrem is the CEO and cofounder of Neo4j, the graph database platform powering some of the largest companies today. Emil is the creator of the property graph model, and he coined the term “graph database” to …

The State of Artificial Intelligence

December 26th, 2018


Jack Clark serves as the policy director at OpenAI. He has contributed to the development of the AI Index, an AI forecasting and progress initiative …

Quantified Self, Data Ownership, and the Sociological Approach to Technology

December 19th, 2018


Gina Neff is a senior research fellow and associate professor at the University of Oxford. She studies innovation, the digital transformation of …

Renewable Energy, Climate Change, and Technology

December 13th, 2018


Michael Liebreich is a leading global expert on clean energy and transportation, smart infrastructure, technology, climate finance, and sustainable …

Diplomacy in the Tech Age

December 6th, 2018


Casper Klynge is the world’s first tech ambassador, with a global mandate and staff in Copenhagen, Silicon Valley, and Beijing. His appointment as the Danish tech ambassador in 2017 marked a new phase in diplomacy and …

Doughnut Economics, Rethinking Economics for the 21st Century

November 28th, 2018


Kate Raworth is a senior visiting research associate at Oxford University’s Environmental Change Institute, where she teaches environmental change and management. She is also a senior associate at the Cambridge …

Space Innovation and Fixing the Earth

November 21st, 2018


Anousheh Ansari is the world’s first female private space explorer and the first Iranian astronaut in space. She is the CEO of XPrize Foundation, an …

The Future of Public Service and Governance

November 14th, 2018


Lisa Witter is an award-winning executive, a serial entrepreneur, and the cofounder and executive chairman of Apolitical, a network that helps public …

The Future of Work and Democracy in the Information Age

November 7th, 2018


Matthew Taylor is the chief executive of the Royal Society of Arts, a UK organization committed to finding practical solutions to societal problems. …

UBI, Automation, and Society in the U.S.

October 31st, 2018


Azeem Azhar speaks with Andrew Yang, an entrepreneur and author who is running for president in the 2020 U.S. election. At the heart of Andrew’s platform is the “freedom dividend,” a universal basic income of $1,000, …

The Challenging Political Economy of Silicon Valley

October 24th, 2018


Azeem speaks with Reid Hoffman, “the sage of Silicon Valley.” Reid is an internet entrepreneur, executive, and investor best known as the cofounder …

Scaling Innovation

October 17th, 2018


Azeem Azhar speaks with entrepreneur and investor Elad Gil about Silicon Valley, scaling companies from 10 to 10,000 employees, the state of blockchain, and how blockchain and artificial intelligence will overlap. Elad …

AI, Warfare, and Global Security

October 10th, 2018


Azeem Azhar speaks with Dr. Mariarosaria Taddeo, deputy director of the Digital Ethics Lab at the Oxford Internet Institute. Dr. Taddeo is a philosopher, an ethicist, and a researcher focusing on cyber conflicts, …

Entrepreneurs, the Market, and the State

October 3rd, 2018


Azeem Azhar speaks with venture capitalist Bill Janeway about the three-player game between the mission-driven state, financial speculators, and …

China, an AI Superpower

September 26th, 2018


Azeem Azhar speaks with Kai-Fu Lee, a VC investor, technology executive, and one of the most prominent figures in the Chinese internet sector and AI. …

Season 2 Intro: When Technology Meets Political Future

September 22nd, 2018


Azeem Azhar’s Exponential View podcast is back, exploring the intersection of political economy and exponential technologies.

Hacking Democracy

June 3rd, 2017


A recording of an Exponential View salon held in London in May 2017.

“The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter,” said Winston Churchill.

But whatever you think of it, …

The State of Machine Learning

May 26th, 2017


With more than 40% market share in mobile games, 1 billion monthly active users, and 2.6 billion unique devices, the game development platform Unity …

Code as the Key Driver of Human Development

May 9th, 2017


For the tech community, code has an almost exclusively uniform meaning: a set of instructions, until recently written only by humans, that specify …

Universal Basic Income

May 5th, 2017


Scott Santens is a writer and an advocate for universal basic income. His articles have been featured in TechCrunch, the Boston Globe, and Politico, …

How Music Could Take the Place of Drugs

April 29th, 2017


Marko Ahtisaari is the CEO and cofounder of The Sync Project, a collaborative venture of scientists, musicians, technologists, and patients, working …

AI, Automation, and the Economy

March 4th, 2017


A discussion with Columbia University professor Jeffrey Sachs. Jeff is one of the world’s foremost thinkers on economic development; he advises the …

Intimacy with Robots

February 25th, 2017


Kate Devlin, computer scientist and robot-sex expert, on robot intimacy and a new age of sex, relationships, and social life.

Homo Deus

February 17th, 2017


A conversation between Hebrew University of Jerusalem professor Yuval Harari and Azeem Azhar.

They cover the compelling insights in his new book, Homo Deus. Where are we, as a species, going now that we have conquered …

The Future of Longevity

December 8th, 2016


Philosopher and investor Dr. Shamil Chandaria investigates how we might live much longer lives and how we can make them more meaningful.

He dives …

A Survey of Technology

November 20th, 2016


A wide-ranging conversation on technology with Jason Pontin, editor-in-chief of MIT Technology Review.

He touches on gene editing, Moore’s Law, …

The Wealth of Humans

November 15th, 2016


A powerfully prophetic discussion about the meaning of work in the 21st century as technology transforms all areas of the global economy.

Ryan Avent, …

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